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Black Power Movement and Global Injustice
Though John Carlos and Tommie Smith's protest during the the 1968 Olympics took place in the context of the Black Power Movement led by African Americans, the Olympic Project for Human Rights from which Carlos and Smith's protest arose was a response to various global injustices. The following links provide additional information about the Black Power Movement, American Civil Rights Movement and other global struggles referenced in the book.
Black Power Movement: John Carlos and Tommie Smith's protest at the 1968 Olympics is now recognized as one of the prominant moments of the Black Power Movement-- the escallation in the struggle for equal rights for African Americans that followed the Civil Rights Movement. Read more about the Black Power Movement in the International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences.
American Civil Rights Movement: Read a comprehensive overview of the American Civil Rights Movement in the Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. View the Library of Congress online gallery Voices of Civil Rights.
Tlatelolco Massacre: Just before the Mexico City Olympic Games and in the midst of a national student protest, the Mexican government massacred protesters at a demonstration. Read more about this massacre in Mexico: An Encylopedia of Contemporary Culture and History. Listen to first person accounts on NPR's radio segment Mexico's 1968 Massacre: What Really Happened?
South African Apartheid: At the time of the Black Power Movement, the struggle to end apartheid in South African was gaining global support. In addition to raising visibility for the struggles of Black Americans, the Olympic Project for Human Rights sought to raise visitibility for injustices such as South African aparthied. Learn more about Apartheid in the Encyclopdia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity and view the moving audio slideshow South Africa Under Apartheid in the 1970s from the BBC.
Major Figures from the Book
John Carlos & Tommie Smith leaving the Olympic Village in Mexico City, October 1968 (Image courtesy of the Associated Press).
Learn more about the people from the book. The following links come from Holy Names University's access to over six-hundred online encyclopedias and dictionaries and from Internet sources. You can also search our Credo Reference Collection and Gale Virtual Refercence Collection for yourself.
What They Were Saying
The planned boycott of the 1968 Olympics and response to the Black Power Salute demonstrated the divided experience of Americans at the time. Articles from the time, both in favor of a boycott and critical of the Olympic demonstration, are linked below.
Black History: 1968 Olympics
This brief clip provides an overview of the Black Power Salute protest at the 1968 Olympic Games.