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HNU Library

APA Citation Guide

Changes in the APA 7th Edition

The seventh edition of the APA Publication Manual contains a number of updates designed to make APA style more useful for students, faculty, and scholars. While there are too many changes to list here, these include changes to formatting, changes to source citation, and changes to the style guide.

For a much more detailed list of changes, consult the Introduction chapter of the APA Publication Manual 7th edition linked below.

What’s New in APA Style?

The 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, published in October 2019, replaces the 6th edition published in 2009. This video covers the 17 most notable changes in the APA 7th edition.

Online Resources for APA

APA Guidelines


The American Psychological Association (APA) is one of the largest scientific and professional associations in the United States, and it has created a set of citation rules and formatting guidelines for scholarly writing to ensure a standard of academic integrity. 

*PLEASE NOTE: The following APA guide provides information related to student papers submitted for Holy Names University coursework, not professional papers being submitted for publication.

To create an essay that follows APA style, you need to focus on 3 things

  • Formatting style, such as titles, headings, page numbers, etc., which organizes the essay for readability.
  • In-text citations, which show where you found the sources that you are quoting, summarizing, or paraphrasing.
  • Reference list, this list includes citations for all the resources you consulted or cited within your paper.


APA Key Elements for your formatted essay: 

  • Create a Title Page.
  • Page numbers: beginning with the Title Page, the number should be located in the upper right-hand corner of the page.
  • 12 point font, Times New Roman.
  • Margins: one-inch margins at the top, bottom, right, and left of every page.
  • Line Spacing: Double-spaced, including title page, abstract, text, headings, block quotations, reference list, table, and figure notes, and appendices.

  • Incorporate In-Text Citations for
    • Quotes
    • Summaries
    • Paraphrased Material
  • Create References List (which includes all in-text citation material)
  • Compare Essay with Formatted Sample Essay
  • Proofread Your Essay