Open Access publishing enables the free, immediate, and online availability of research and scholarly products. Open Access journals have been successfully producing and disseminating high-quality research for over a decade. The Directory of Open Access Journals currently lists over 11,000 vetted Open Access Journals.
There are different business models that support Open Access publishing:
|Full Open Access|
|journals make all of their content immediately openly available at the time of publication. These journals do not operate on a traditional subscription model but instead levy Article Processing Charges (APCs) to cover publication costs.*|
|Hybrid Open Access|
|journals are subscription-based journals which give authors the option to purchase immediate open access to their papers. Only those papers that have paid-Article Processing Charges (APCs) will be openly available at the time of publication. Therefore, hybrid journals are effectively paid twice for their Open Access content.**|
|Embargoed Open Access|
|journals are subscription-based journals that make their content openly available after a limited embargo period. In this model, new content is only available to subscribers, while older content is openly accessible. There are no Article Processing Charges (APCs) for embargoed content.|
*Note that not all Full Open Access journals impose Article Processing Charges (APCs).
**Article Processing Charges (APCs) for both Full Open Access and Hybrid Open Access range between $500 and $5,000.